An **Information** Theoretic Approach to Originality and Bias in Science

**information**theoretic framework for a quantitative measure of originality to model the impact of various classes of biases, errors and error corrections on scientific research. Expand abstract.

**information**theoretic framework for a quantitative measure of originality to model the impact of various classes of biases, errors and error corrections on scientific research. Some of the open problems are also outlined.

6/10 relevant

Preprints.org

Five open problems in quantum **information**

**Information**Centre (KCIK) in Poland. Expand abstract.

**information**are presented. The first four concern existence of certain objects relevant for quantum information, namely mutually unbiased bases in dimension six, an infinite family of symmetric informationally complete generalized measurements, absolutely maximally entangled states for four subsystems with six levels each and bound entangled states with negative partial transpose. The last problem requires checking whether a certain state of a two-ququart system is 2-copy distillable. Finding a correct answer to any of them will be rewarded by the Golden KCIK Award established by the National Quantum

**Information**Centre (KCIK) in Poland. A detailed description of the problems in question, the motivation to analyze them, as well as the rules for the open competition are provided.

6/10 relevant

arXiv

Fisher **information** based estimation of optomechanical coupling strengths

**information**and the quantum Fisher information, thus addressing the question of whether it is possible to reach the lower bound of the mean squared error of an unbiased estimator by means of balanced homodyne detection. Expand abstract.

**information**and the quantum Fisher information, thus addressing the question of whether it is possible to reach the lower bound of the mean squared error of an unbiased estimator by means of balanced homodyne detection. We have found that the phase of the local oscillator in the homodyne detection is crucial; certain quadrature measurements allow very accurate estimation.

6/10 relevant

arXiv

Weak-Coupling, Strong-Coupling and Large-Order Parametrization of the Hypergeometric-Meijer Approximants

**information**as input. For more acceleration of the convergence, we employ the strong-coupling and large-order

**information**. The expected acceleration of convergence of this algorithm is tested by obtaining the exact result for the zero-dimensional partition function of the scalar $\phi^{4}$ theory. The algorithm is also applied for the resummation of the ground state energies of $\phi_{0+1}^{4}$ and $i\phi_{0+1}^{3}$ scalar field theories. We get accurate results for the whole coupling space and the precision is improved systematically in using higher orders. A very precise calculation for the critical exponent $\nu$ of the $O(5)$-symmetric model in three dimensions is also reported. As an example for non-Borel summable series, the exact partition function of the degenerate-vacua $\phi^{4}$ theory has been obtained by summing the corresponding resurgent transseries in using only strong-coupling and large order

**information**.

4/10 relevant

arXiv

BLCS: Brain-Like based Distributed Control Security in Cyber Physical Systems

**information**to perform control identification through relation network and deep learning of behavior library. Expand abstract.

**information**of each domain against cyber-attacks. BLS utilizes parts of

**information**to perform control identification through relation network and deep learning of behavior library. The functional modules of BLCS architecture are illustrated including various controllers and brain-like knowledge base. The interworking procedures in distributed control security modes based on BLS are described. The overall feasibility and efficiency of architecture are experimentally verified on the software defined network testbed in terms of average mistrust rate, path provisioning latency, packet loss probability and blocking probability. The emulation results are obtained and dissected based on the testbed.

4/10 relevant

arXiv

Genomic signals found using RNA sequencing support conservation of walleye (Sander vitreus) in a large freshwater ecosystem.

**information**discussed here, we argue that it is useful for addressing diverse molecular questions in the conservation of freshwater species. Expand abstract.

**information**available, yielding both physiological and genomic data, but its genetic applications are not well-characterized. We investigate this possible role for RNA sequencing for population genomics in Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, walleye (Sander vitreus). Lake Winnipeg walleye represent the largest component of the second-largest freshwater fishery in Canada. In the present study, large female walleye were sampled via nonlethal gill biopsy over two years at three spawning sites representing a latitudinal gradient in the lake. Genetic variation from sequenced messenger RNA was analyzed for neutral and adaptive markers to investigate population structure and possible adaptive variation. We find low population divergence (FST = 0.0095), possible northward gene flow, and outlier loci that vary latitudinally in transcripts associated with cell membrane proteins and cytoskeletal function. These results indicate that Lake Winnipeg walleye may be effectively managed as a single demographically connected metapopulation with contributing subpopulations, and suggest genomic differences possibly underlying observed phenotypic differences. Because RNA sequencing data can yield physiological in addition to genetic

**information**discussed here, we argue that it is useful for addressing diverse molecular questions in the conservation of freshwater species.

4/10 relevant

bioRxiv

Inverse Learning of Symmetry Transformations

**information**on correlation matrices in combination with a bijective variable transformation. Expand abstract.

**information**. Our approach is based on the deep

**information**bottleneck principle in combination with a mutual

**information**regulariser. Unlike previous methods however, we focus on estimating mutual

**information**in continuous rather than binary settings. This poses many challenges as mutual

**information**cannot be meaningfully minimised in continuous domains. Therefore, we base the calculation of mutual

**information**on correlation matrices in combination with a bijective variable transformation. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our model outperforms state-of-the-art methods on artificial and molecular datasets.

4/10 relevant

arXiv

A novel role for cortical acetylcholine in object memory updating

**information**is integrated with the original memory in a reactivation- and time-dependent manner. Expand abstract.

**information**integration). We have previously implicated cholinergic transmission in object memory destabilization. Here we present a novel rodent paradigm developed to assess the role of this cholinergic mechanism in qualitative memory updating. The post-reactivation object memory modification (PROMM) task exposes rats to contextual

**information**following object memory reactivation. Subsequent object exploratory performance suggests that the contextual

**information**is integrated with the original memory in a reactivation- and time-dependent manner. This effect is blocked by interference with M1 muscarinic receptors and several downstream signals in perirhinal cortex. These findings therefore demonstrate a hitherto unacknowledged cognitive function for acetylcholine with important implications for understanding the dynamic nature of long-term memory storage in the normal and aging brain.

4/10 relevant

bioRxiv

Two-year old children preferentially transmit simple actions but not pedagogically demonstrated actions

**information**transmission paradigm with 2-year-old children. Expand abstract.

**information**has a special status as culturally relevant. Here we test the limits of this claim by setting it in contrast with an explanation in which the relevance of

**information**is the outcome of multiple interacting social (e.g., pedagogical demonstration) and non-social properties (e.g., action complexity). To test these competing hypotheses, we varied both pedagogical cues and action complexity in an

**information**transmission paradigm with 2-year-old children. In Experiment 1, children preferentially transmitted simple non-pedagogically demonstrated actions over pedagogically demonstrated more complex actions. In Experiment 2, when both actions were matched for complexity, we found no evidence of preferential transmission of pedagogically demonstrated actions. We discuss possible reasons for the discrepancy between our results and previous literature showing an effect of pedagogical cues on cultural transmission and conclude that our results are compatible with the view that pedagogical and other cues interact, but incompatible with the theory of a privileged role for pedagogical cues.

5/10 relevant

PsyArXiv

Intensive data capture of biological rhythms unravels **information** for time tuning of interventions targeting affective disorders

5/10 relevant

PsyArXiv