last week in economics

86

new preprints about economics in the last week

NEP RePEc

most active server in economics in the last week

united states

7 preprints

Intersecting vulnerabilities: Climatic and demographic contributions to future population exposure to Aedes-borne viruses in the United States

The results emphasize the crucial role that socioeconomic and demographic change play in shaping future population vulnerability and exposure to Aedes-borne virus transmission risk in the United States, and underscore the importance of including socioeconomic scenarios in projections of climate-related vector-borne...
7 days ago
bioRxiv

Income Inequality Across the Rural-Urban Continuum in the United States, 1970-2016

As the only county-level analysis to track income inequality across the rural-urban continuum from 1970 to 2016, this study lays the foundation for more sophisticated analyses that explain spatial variation in income inequality and that account for the demographic and economic diversity of the rural and urban United States.
5 days ago
SocArXiv

The Effects of Foreign Multinationals on Workers and Firms in the United States

We compare our findings to the value of subsidy deals received by foreign multinationals.
13 hours ago
NBER

using data

4 preprints

Benchmarking machine learning models for the analysis of genetic data using FRESA.CAD Binary Classification Benchmarking

CAD Binary Classification Benchmarking that performs systematic comparisons between a collection of representative machine learning methods for solving binary classification problems on genetic datasets.
6 days ago
bioRxiv

End-to-End Machine Learning for Experimental Physics: Using Simulated Data to Train a Neural Network for Object Detection in Video Microscopy

Here we demonstrate a `full-stack' computational solution, where the training data set is generated on-the-fly using a noise injection process to produce simulated data characteristic of the experimental system.
7 days ago
arXiv

To complete or to estimate, that is the question: A Multi-Task Approach to Depth Completion and Monocular Depth Estimation

Using adversarial training, a robust objective function, a deep architecture relying on skip connections and a blend of synthetic and real-world training data, our approach is capable of producing superior high quality scene depth.
4 days ago
arXiv

us cities

3 preprints

Automation Impacts on China's Polarized Job Market

By revisiting the automation impacts on a polarized job market, we observe a Simpson's paradox through which a larger city of a diversified job market results in greater resilience, whereas larger cities of specialized job markets are more susceptible.
4 days ago
arXiv

Does Condominium Development Lead to Gentrification?

We ask whether the subsequent development of condominiums encouraged high-income households to move to central cities.
13 hours ago
NBER

Wealth and Obesity Among U.S. Adults Entering Midlife

Conclusions: The association between wealth can obesity was generally robust but also complex, depending on gender, race, and measure of wealth.
6 days ago
SocArXiv

difference in differences

3 preprints

How Well Do Doctors Know Their Patients? Evidence from a Mandatory Access Prescription Drug Monitoring Program

Our main difference-in-differences analysis uses the universe of prescriptions filled in the two states to assess how the information provided affected prescribing behavior.
13 hours ago
NBER

Heterogeneous displacement effects of migrant labor supply - quasi-experimental evidence from Germany

Our difference-in-difference design allows us to provide evidence from a labor supply shock of migrants on local markets net of their additional spending at arrival that might mask labor market displacement effects.
7 days ago
NEP RePEc

Do minimum wages improve self-rated health? : Evidence from a natural experiment

To study this question, we use survey-data linked to administrative employment records and apply difference-in-difference regressions combined with propensity score matching.
7 days ago
NEP RePEc

quasi experimental

2 preprints

The 2017 French Riots and Trust in the Police. A quasi-experimental approach.

METHODS: This study exploits the coincidence that a serious case of police misconduct (Feb. 02, 2017) occurred during the survey period of the European Social Survey (ESS) 2016 (Nov. 11, 2016 – March 11, 2017) in France, thus providing the basis for a Natural Experiment.
4 days ago
SocArXiv

Heterogeneous displacement effects of migrant labor supply - quasi-experimental evidence from Germany

Therefore, our findings can be interpreted as the consequence of differential substitutability of different subgroups, where asylum seekers are substitutes to other immigrants but not natives - even when they are similarly qualified." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
7 days ago
NEP RePEc

Creating Moves to Opportunity: Experimental Evidence on Barriers to Neighborhood Choice

Using quasi-experimental analyses and comparisons to other studies, we show that more standardized policies – increasing voucher payment standards in high-opportunity areas or informational interventions – have much smaller impacts.
13 hours ago
NBER

natural experiment

2 preprints

Do minimum wages improve self-rated health? : Evidence from a natural experiment

Our results indicate, that a significant reduction of weekly working hours potentially drives this result." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
7 days ago
NEP RePEc

Using natural experimental studies to guide public health action: turning the evidence-based medicine paradigm on its head

We discuss the growing importance of evaluating natural experiments, and their distinctive contribution to the evidence for public health policy.
4 days ago
SocArXiv

The 2017 French Riots and Trust in the Police. A quasi-experimental approach.

METHODS: This study exploits the coincidence that a serious case of police misconduct (Feb. 02, 2017) occurred during the survey period of the European Social Survey (ESS) 2016 (Nov. 11, 2016 – March 11, 2017) in France, thus providing the basis for a Natural Experiment.
4 days ago
SocArXiv

high frequency

2 preprints

Analysis of Various Transformer Structures for High Frequency Isolation Applications

Six different high frequency transformers with toroidal, EE, and UU cores with different windings are investigated for a 400(V)/400(V), 8 kVA transformer operating at 10 kHz.
5 days ago
arXiv

Modeling microstructure price dynamics with symmetric Hawkes and diffusion model using ultra-high-frequency stock data

Empirical studies based on the model using the ultra-high-frequency data of stocks in the S\&P 500 are performed.
5 days ago
arXiv

Modulation of human intracranial theta oscillations during freely moving spatial navigation and memory

Recently, high-frequency theta oscillations during ambulatory movement have been identified in humans (8,9), though their relationship to spatial memory remains unexplored.
1 hours ago
bioRxiv

model using

2 preprints

Modeling microstructure price dynamics with symmetric Hawkes and diffusion model using ultra-high-frequency stock data

An estimation of the diffusion model is performed using the simulated maximum likelihood method and shows similar patterns to the Hawkes model.
5 days ago
arXiv

Evaluating and improving heritability models using summary statistics

Using data from studies of 31 complex human traits (average sample size 136,000), we show that the Baseline LD Model is the most realistic of the existing heritability models, but that it can be significantly improved by incorporating features from the LDAK Model.
5 days ago
bioRxiv

Constraining the geometry and kinematics of the quasar broad emission line region using gravitational microlensing. II. Comparing models with observations in the lensed quasar HE0435-1223

The quadruply lensed quasar HE0435-1223 shows a clear microlensing effect that affects differently the blue and red wings of the H$\alpha$ line profile in its image D.
7 days ago
arXiv

experimental evidence

2 preprints

Heterogeneous displacement effects of migrant labor supply - quasi-experimental evidence from Germany

Our difference-in-difference design allows us to provide evidence from a labor supply shock of migrants on local markets net of their additional spending at arrival that might mask labor market displacement effects.
7 days ago
NEP RePEc

Creating Moves to Opportunity: Experimental Evidence on Barriers to Neighborhood Choice

Using quasi-experimental analyses and comparisons to other studies, we show that more standardized policies – increasing voucher payment standards in high-opportunity areas or informational interventions – have much smaller impacts.
13 hours ago
NBER

Nudging at Scale: Experimental Evidence from FAFSA Completion Campaigns

We find no evidence that different approaches to message framing, delivery, or timing, or access to one-on-one advising affected campaign efficacy.
13 hours ago
NBER

price dynamics

2 preprints

Modelling Crypto Asset Price Dynamics, Optimal Crypto Portfolio, and Crypto Option Valuation

Despite being described as a medium of exchange, cryptocurrencies do not have the typical attributes of a medium of exchange.
4 days ago
arXiv

Modeling microstructure price dynamics with symmetric Hawkes and diffusion model using ultra-high-frequency stock data

The performance of the volatility measure, intraday estimation, and the dynamics of the parameters are discussed.
5 days ago
arXiv

Linear stochastic dividend model

We jointly specify dynamics for the stock price and the dividend rate such that the stock price is positive and the dividend rate non-negative.
3 days ago
arXiv

number of stocks

2 preprints

Can robust optimization offer improved portfolio performance?: An empirical study of Indian market

Finally, we offer qualitative and quantitative justification regarding the practical usefulness of robust optimization approaches from the point of view of number of stocks, sample size and types of data.
5 days ago
arXiv

Is being `Robust' beneficial?: A perspective from the Indian market

The robust models in the case of VaR and CVaR minimization exhibit superior performance with respect to their base versions in the cases involving higher number of stocks and simulated setup respectively.
5 days ago
arXiv

On $q$-deformed real numbers

We associate a formal power series with integer coefficients to a positive real number, we interpret this series as a "$q$-analogue of a real." The construction is based on the notion of $q$-deformed rational number introduced in arXiv:1812.00170.
7 days ago
arXiv

economic growth

2 preprints

The inverted U-shaped effect of urban hotspots spatial compactness on urban economic growth

Secondly, we demonstrate that the compactness of hotspots imposes an inverted U-shaped influence on economic growth, which implies that an optimal compactness coefficient does exist.
4 days ago
arXiv

Can academic performance help disadvantaged students to achieve upward educational mobility?

But just as economic growth does not necessarily reduce income inequality, so the expansion of access to education does not automatically result in greater equity in educational attainment.
less than hour ago
NEP RePEc

ADAMTS-family protease MIG-17 regulates synaptic allometry by modifying the extracellular matrix and modulating glia morphology during growth

Our findings underscore the importance of glia location in the maintenance of synaptic allometry, and uncover a muscle-epidermal-glia signaling axis, mediated through the extracellular matrix, in the regulation of glia morphology and synaptic positions during growth.
3 days ago
bioRxiv

point of view

2 preprints

Random walk model from the point of view of algorithmic trading

Despite the fact that an intraday market price distribution is not normal, the random walk model of price behaviour is as important for the understanding of basic principles of the market as the pendulum model is a starting point of many fundamental theories in physics.
7 days ago
arXiv

Integration by parts formula for killed processes: A point of view from approximation theory

These formulas are established by combining a Markovian perturbation argument with a tailor-made Malliavin calculus for the underlying Markov chain structure involved in the probabilistic representation of the original marginal law.
6 days ago
arXiv

Gso projections via spt phases

We also discuss the relationship between this point of view and the K-theoretic classification of D-branes.
6 days ago
arXiv

tax rates

2 preprints

Tax Administration vs. Tax Rates: Evidence from Corporate Taxation in Indonesia

We study corporate taxation in Indonesia, where the government implemented two reforms that differentially affected firms.
13 hours ago
NBER

Reduced firing rates of pyramidal cells in frontal cortex of APP/PS1 can be restored by acute treatment with levetiracetam

Overall, our results highlight reduced firing rates of cortical pyramidal cells as a symptom of amyloid pathology and indicate that lifting cortical inhibition might contribute to the beneficial effects of levetiracetam on AD patients.
1 hours ago
bioRxiv

Nutrient enrichment increases soil bacterial diversity and decomposition rates of different litter types in a coastal plain wetland

This study provides insight into long-term fertilization effects on soil bacterial diversity and composition, related rates of decomposition, and the increased potential for soil carbon loss as nutrient enrichment continues to affect historically low nutrient ecosystems.
7 days ago
bioRxiv

robust optimization

2 preprints

Can robust optimization offer improved portfolio performance?: An empirical study of Indian market

Finally, we offer qualitative and quantitative justification regarding the practical usefulness of robust optimization approaches from the point of view of number of stocks, sample size and types of data.
5 days ago
arXiv

Distributionally Robust Optimization: A Review

This paper surveys main concepts and contributions to DRO, and its relationships with robust optimization, risk-aversion, chance-constrained optimization, and function regularization.
7 days ago
arXiv

Is being `Robust' beneficial?: A perspective from the Indian market

After discussing the practical usefulness of the robust optimization approaches from various standpoints, we infer various takeaways.
5 days ago
arXiv

interest rate

2 preprints

A zero interest rate Black-Derman-Toy model

The corresponding BDT algorithms are consequently modified to calibrate the tree containing the zero interest rate scenarios.
7 days ago
arXiv

Total positivity and the classification of term structure shapes in the two-factor Vasicek model

The mathematical tools from total positivity can likely be applied to higher-dimensional generalizations of the Vasicek model and to other interest rate models as well.
6 days ago
arXiv

Low rate of follow-up colonoscopy after positive results of colorectal cancer screening in a Chinese urban core district

The incidence and mortality of CRC, as well as population-based CRC screening rates, were analysed.
6 days ago
bioRxiv

expected shortfall

2 preprints

Forecast Encompassing Tests for the Expected Shortfall

In this paper, we introduce new forecast encompassing tests for the risk measure Expected Shortfall (ES).
6 days ago
arXiv

Dynamic Dependence Modeling in financial time series

Value-at-Risk and Expected Shortfall are computed from the dynamic and the static model respectively to illustrate the effectiveness of the best method as well as the importance of dynamic dependence modeling through backtesting.
5 days ago
arXiv

indian market

2 preprints

Is being `Robust' beneficial?: A perspective from the Indian market

We perform an empirical study of VaR and CVaR frameworks, with respect to their robust counterparts, namely, Worst-Case VaR and Worst-Case CVaR, using the market data as well as the simulated data.
5 days ago
arXiv

Can robust optimization offer improved portfolio performance?: An empirical study of Indian market

We conclude that robust approaches can be considered as a viable alternative to the Markowitz model, not only in simulated data but also in a real market setup, involving the Indian indices of S&P BSE 30 and S&P BSE 100.
5 days ago
arXiv

term structure

2 preprints

Total positivity and the classification of term structure shapes in the two-factor Vasicek model

Using methods from the theory of total positivity, we provide a full classification of attainable term structure shapes in the two-factor Vasicek model.
6 days ago
arXiv

Cryo-EM structures of alpha-synuclein fibrils with the H50Q hereditary mutation reveal new polymorphs

To this end, we determined the cryoEM structures of alpha synuclein fibrils containing the H50Q hereditary mutation.
3 days ago
bioRxiv

Identification and mapping of central pair proteins by proteomic analysis

By using Chlamydomonas strains lacking specific CP sub-structures, we also present a more complete model of localization of known and newly identified CP proteins.
1 hours ago
bioRxiv

income distribution

2 preprints

The one-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang and Kuramoto-Sivashinsky universality class: limit distributions

Tracy-Widom and Baik-Rains distributions appear as universal limit distributions for height fluctuations in the one-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) \textit{stochastic} partial differential equation (PDE).
5 days ago
arXiv

Income or Culture? Examining the Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in an International Sample

Linear regression shows the regression coefficient of culture to be significant (Beta = -.259, p = 0.01) but the regression coefficient of income was not found to be significant.
6 days ago
PsyArXiv

Spatial Distributions of Sunspot Oscillation Modes at Different Temperatures

In this study, six sunspots observed by Solar Dynamics Observatory/Atmospheric Imaging Assembly were used to obtain the spatial distributions of three- and five-minute oscillations.
6 days ago
arXiv

empirical study

2 preprints

Reference frames in spatial communication for navigation and sports: An empirical study in ultimate frisbee players

This finding has broad implications for communicating spatial information by offering an important consideration for how spatial reference frames are used in communication: task constraints may affect reference frame choice as much as individual factors or culture.
5 hours ago
PsyArXiv

Can robust optimization offer improved portfolio performance?: An empirical study of Indian market

In order to address this skepticism, we perform empirical analysis of three robust optimization models, namely the ones based on box, ellipsoidal and separable uncertainty sets.
5 days ago
arXiv

When Your Friends Become Sellers: An Empirical Study of Social Commerce Site Beidian

To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first quantitative study on the network characteristics and dynamics of emerging social commerce platforms.
5 days ago
arXiv

stock market

2 preprints

Towards an Unstable Hook: The Evolution of Stock Market Integration Since 1913

Our empirical analysis suggests that stock market integration in the recent period of globalization has surpassed the first era of globalization in the last 10 years and currently has the highest level of equity market integration and network instability in world history.
13 hours ago
NBER

Modelling Crypto Asset Price Dynamics, Optimal Crypto Portfolio, and Crypto Option Valuation

Despite being described as a medium of exchange, cryptocurrencies do not have the typical attributes of a medium of exchange.
4 days ago
arXiv

public goods

2 preprints

Transition finance country study of Lebanon: Global public goods and the response to adverse shocks

Overall, domestic credit dominates the financing landscape and public debt is high.
7 days ago
NEP RePEc

Exploration in Teams and the Encouragement Effect: Theory and Evidence

Our findings are relevant for motivating and managing groups and teams innovating not only for private but also, and especially so, for public goods.
5 days ago
NEP RePEc

What is the Optimal Immigration Policy? Migration, Jobs and Welfare

We study the immigration policy that maximizes the welfare of the native population in an economy where the government designs an optimal redistributive welfare system and supplies public goods.
13 hours ago
NBER

policy makers

2 preprints

Why do local institutions matter? The political economy of decentralization

In particular, policy-makers could envision decentralization “at different speeds”, enabling local actors to identify objectives of development together with the right tools to pursue them, and finally decentralize accordingly.
less than hour ago
NEP RePEc

Deep reinforcement learning in World-Earth system models to discover sustainable management strategies

Identifying pathways towards a sustainable future in these models for informing policy makers and the wider public, e.g. pathways leading to a robust mitigation of dangerous anthropogenic climate change, is a challenging and widely investigated task in the field of climate research and broader Earth system science.
4 days ago
arXiv

Automation Impacts on China's Polarized Job Market

These findings inform policy makers to deploy appropriate policies to mitigate the polarized automation impacts.
4 days ago
arXiv

take up

2 preprints

How are Preferences For Commitment Revealed?

This suggests that commitment contract take-up reflects, at least in part, something other than the desire to change own future behavior, such as demand effects or "noisy valuation." Moreover, we find that commitment contract take-up is negatively related to awareness of self-control problems: a novel information treatment...
13 hours ago
NBER

The Role of Behavioral Frictions in Health Insurance Marketplace Enrollment and Risk: Evidence from a Field Experiment

We experimentally varied information mailed to 87,000 households in California's health insurance marketplace to study the role of frictions in insurance take-up.
13 hours ago
NBER