last week in economics

47

new preprints about economics in the last week

NEP RePEc

most active server in economics in the last week

united states

3 preprints

Quantification of soy-based feed ingredient entry to the United States by ocean freight shipping and the associated seaports.

This work represents an initial step towards building a comprehensive listing of imported products introduced into the pork supply chain, and provide a roadmap to understanding risks involved in global livestock feed ingredient sourcing.
5 days ago
bioRxiv

Foreword to LatCrit 2017 Symposium - What's Next? Resistance, Resilience and Community in the Trump Era

While there are many real material improvements in the lives of subordinated persons in the United States, there is no doubt that the Presidential Election of 2016, with its embrace of a candidate who spoke what dog whistles only alluded to, is part of a violent and destructive backlash against minorities who have long...
24 hours ago
LawArXiv

Democracy in America at work: the history of labor’s vote in corporate governance

Can there be democracy in America at work? The historical division between democracy in politics and hierarchy in the economy is under strain.
6 days ago
LawArXiv

paper uses

3 preprints

How do Older Workers use Nontraditional Jobs?

This paper uses the Health and Retirement Study to identify nontraditional jobs and relies on sequence analysis to explore how workers ages 50-62 use them.
6 days ago
NBER

Playing Hide and Seek: How Lenders Respond to Borrower Protection

This paper uses the universe of mortgage contracts to estimate the response of high-interest lenders to borrower protection regulations aimed at simplifying and making loan terms more transparent.
6 days ago
NBER

Hysteresis from Employer Subsidies

This paper uses administrative data to analyze a large and 8-year long employer payroll tax rate cut in Sweden for young workers aged 26 or less.
6 days ago
NBER

continuous time

3 preprints

Linear Stochastic Models in Discrete and Continuous Time

These parameters can also serve as the starting point of an algorithm that seeks the parameters of the continuous-time model that is driven by a forcing function of unbounded frequencies.
5 days ago
NEP RePEc

Event-scheduling algorithms with Kalikow decomposition for simulating potentially infinite neuronal networks

These algorithms are currently not computationally tractable in continuous time.
3 days ago
arXiv

Checking Timed Bisimulation with Bounded Zone-History Graphs -- Technical Report

Timed automata (TA) are a well-established formalism for discrete-state/continuous-time behaviors of time-critical reactive systems.
6 days ago
arXiv

structural models

2 preprints

Cities in the developing world

These structural models seem particularly valuable when analyzing land use and transportation systems in the far more fluid cities of the developing world.
6 days ago
NBER

Asymmetric molecular architecture of the human γ-tubulin ring complex

Pseudo-atomic models indicate that GCP4, GCP5 and GCP6 form distinct Y-shaped assemblies that structurally mimic GCP2/GCP3 subcomplexes and are distal to the {gamma}-TuRC "seam".
27 hours ago
bioRxiv

Inference for Linear Conditional Moment Inequalities

We consider inference based on linear conditional moment inequalities, which arise in a wide variety of economic applications, including many structural models.
6 days ago
NBER

high skilled

2 preprints

Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor, Your High-Skilled Labor: H-1B Lottery Outcomes and Entrepreneurial Success

Overall, our results show that access to high-skill labor is a critical determinant of success for start-up firms.
6 days ago
NBER

Minimum Wage in a Multi-Tier Search and Wage-Posting Model with Cross-Market Substitutions

As a result of minimum wage hikes, we show that (i) the unemployment rate at the minimum wage binding market is higher, while all other markets enjoy a lower unemployment rate; (ii) employment in the manual low-skilled jobs is lower, whereas employment in the routine high-skilled and manual middle-skilled markets is...
6 days ago
NBER

Do low-skilled workers gain from high-tech employment growth? High-technology multipliers, employment and wages in Britain

Yet while low-skilled workers gain from higher employment rates, the jobs are often poorly paid service work, so average wages fall, particularly when increased housing costs are considered.
less than hour ago
NEP RePEc

nationwide tipping

2 preprints

The Drivers of Social Preferences: Evidence from a Nationwide Tipping Field Experiment

We leverage a unique opportunity to generate a large data set to inform the who’s, what’s, where’s, and when’s of social preferences through the lens of a nationwide tipping field experiment on the Uber platform.
6 days ago
NBER

Design and Analysis of Cluster-Randomized Field Experiments in Panel Data Settings

Using insights from our analysis, we evaluate the effect of a unique field experiment: a nationwide tipping field experiment across markets on the Uber app.
6 days ago
NBER

tipping field

2 preprints

The Drivers of Social Preferences: Evidence from a Nationwide Tipping Field Experiment

We leverage a unique opportunity to generate a large data set to inform the who’s, what’s, where’s, and when’s of social preferences through the lens of a nationwide tipping field experiment on the Uber platform.
6 days ago
NBER

Design and Analysis of Cluster-Randomized Field Experiments in Panel Data Settings

Using insights from our analysis, we evaluate the effect of a unique field experiment: a nationwide tipping field experiment across markets on the Uber app.
6 days ago
NBER

experimental evidence

2 preprints

Zebrafish cooperate while inspecting predators: experimental evidence for conditional approach

In Experiment 2, animals spent more time inspecting predators when the mirror was parallel to the tank ("cooperating mirror") than when the mirror was in an angle ("defecting mirror"), suggesting retaliatory behaviour; in both conditions, animals displayed more freezing and erratic swimming.
5 days ago
bioRxiv

Biometric Tracking, Healthcare Provision, and Data Quality: Experimental Evidence from Tuberculosis Control

Overall, our results suggest biometric tracking technology is both an effective and sustainable way to improve the state's capacity to deliver healthcare in challenging areas.
6 days ago
NBER

My Brother’s Keeper? The Impact of Targeted Educational Supports

In this study, we present quasi-experimental evidence on the dropout effects of the AAMA by leveraging its staggered scale-up across high schools in the Oakland Unified School District (OUSD).
6 days ago
NBER

stochastic models

2 preprints

Linear Stochastic Models in Discrete and Continuous Time

The disparity in the frequency contents of the two forcing functions creates diffculties in defining a correspondence between the discrete-time and continuous-time models.
5 days ago
NEP RePEc

The Correspondence Between Stochastic Linear Difference and Differential Equations

The linear stochastic models that are commonly regarded as the counterparts of the ARMA models are driven by a forcing function that consists of the increments of a Wiener Process.
5 days ago
NEP RePEc

Models for membrane curvature sensing of curvature generating proteins

We highlight the main differences in the interpretation of the protein-related parameters in the two models.
5 days ago
arXiv

linear stochastic

2 preprints

Linear Stochastic Models in Discrete and Continuous Time

The linear stochastic model that is commonly regarded as the counterpart in continuous time of the autoregressive moving-average model is driven by a forcing function that consists of the increments of a Wiener process.
5 days ago
NEP RePEc

The Correspondence Between Stochastic Linear Difference and Differential Equations

The linear stochastic models that are commonly regarded as the counterparts of the ARMA models are driven by a forcing function that consists of the increments of a Wiener Process.
5 days ago
NEP RePEc

Real-Time Video Imaging of Mechanical Motions of a Single Molecular Shuttle

We have realized high spatial precision of distance measurement with the standard error of the mean as small as ± 0.01 nm, and revealed the rich molecular dynamics, where motions are non-linear, stochastic and often non-repeatable, and a work and energy relationship at a molecular level previously undetected by time-averaged measurements...
30 hours ago
chemRxiv

low skilled

2 preprints

Do low-skilled workers gain from high-tech employment growth? High-technology multipliers, employment and wages in Britain

Yet while low-skilled workers gain from higher employment rates, the jobs are often poorly paid service work, so average wages fall, particularly when increased housing costs are considered.
less than hour ago
NEP RePEc

Minimum Wage in a Multi-Tier Search and Wage-Posting Model with Cross-Market Substitutions

As a result of minimum wage hikes, we show that (i) the unemployment rate at the minimum wage binding market is higher, while all other markets enjoy a lower unemployment rate; (ii) employment in the manual low-skilled jobs is lower, whereas employment in the routine high-skilled and manual middle-skilled markets is...
6 days ago
NBER

field experiment

2 preprints

Design and Analysis of Cluster-Randomized Field Experiments in Panel Data Settings

Through a battery of Monte Carlo simulations, we examine best practices for estimating unit-level treatment effects in cluster-randomized field experiments, particularly in settings that generate short panel data.
6 days ago
NBER

The Drivers of Social Preferences: Evidence from a Nationwide Tipping Field Experiment

Combining experimental and natural variation in the data, we are able to establish tipping facts as well as provide insights into the underlying motives for tipping.
6 days ago
NBER

Benchmarking Electronic Structure Methods for Accurate Fixed-Charge Electrostatic Models

These data suggest that these methods – or ones similar to them – should be adopted for the derivation of accurate partial atomic charges for next-generation MM force fields.
5 days ago
chemRxiv

panel data

2 preprints

Design and Analysis of Cluster-Randomized Field Experiments in Panel Data Settings

Through a battery of Monte Carlo simulations, we examine best practices for estimating unit-level treatment effects in cluster-randomized field experiments, particularly in settings that generate short panel data.
6 days ago
NBER

Feasible Generalized Least Squares for Panel Data with Cross-sectional and Serial Correlations

This paper considers generalized least squares (GLS) estimation for linear panel data models.
6 days ago
arXiv

Improved solution to data gathering with mobile mule

In this work we study the problem of collecting protected data in ad-hoc sensor network using a mobile entity called MULE.
6 days ago
arXiv

employment effects

2 preprints

Hysteresis from Employer Subsidies

These hysteresis effects triple the direct employment effects of the reform.
6 days ago
NBER

Minimum Wage in a Multi-Tier Search and Wage-Posting Model with Cross-Market Substitutions

We find that the minimum wage effects on employment on the binding markets depend crucially on the magnitudes of spillover and compositional effects and that the employment effects may be weak in a nonbinding market.
6 days ago
NBER

The effect of ego depletion or mental fatigue on subsequent physical endurance performance: a meta-analysis

However, this analysis also highlights several open questions regarding the effects’ mechanisms and moderators.
1 day ago
PsyArXiv

higher wages

2 preprints

Do low-skilled workers gain from high-tech employment growth? High-technology multipliers, employment and wages in Britain

Yet while low-skilled workers gain from higher employment rates, the jobs are often poorly paid service work, so average wages fall, particularly when increased housing costs are considered.
less than hour ago
NEP RePEc

A Welfare Analysis of Occupational Licensing in U.S. States

Higher willingness to pay offsets 80 percent of higher prices for consumers, and higher wages compensate workers for 60 percent of the cost of mandated investment in occupation-specific human capital.
6 days ago
NBER

experimental design

2 preprints

14 challenges and their solutions for conducting social neuroscience and longitudinal EEG research with infants

However, most of the experimental designs, analysis methods, as well as EEG hardware were originally developed for single-person adult research.
5 days ago
PsyArXiv

Estimating Real World Performance of a Predictive Model: A Case-Study in Predicting End-of-Life

Conclusion: Experimental design choices impose bias upon selected cohorts.
4 days ago
medRxiv

Optimal Sensing for Fish School Identification

We employ Bayesian experimental design coupled with two-dimensional Navier Stokes equations for multiple self-propelled swimmers.
4 days ago
Preprints.org

average wages

2 preprints

Minimum Wage in a Multi-Tier Search and Wage-Posting Model with Cross-Market Substitutions

Moreover, our results suggest that, while both minimum wage hikes reduce aggregate output, they only generate small effects on submarket average and overall average wages.
6 days ago
NBER

Do low-skilled workers gain from high-tech employment growth? High-technology multipliers, employment and wages in Britain

Yet while low-skilled workers gain from higher employment rates, the jobs are often poorly paid service work, so average wages fall, particularly when increased housing costs are considered.
less than hour ago
NEP RePEc

quasi experimental

2 preprints

My Brother’s Keeper? The Impact of Targeted Educational Supports

In this study, we present quasi-experimental evidence on the dropout effects of the AAMA by leveraging its staggered scale-up across high schools in the Oakland Unified School District (OUSD).
6 days ago
NBER

Playing Hide and Seek: How Lenders Respond to Borrower Protection

Using a quasi-experimental design, we find that lenders substantially reduce interest rates – by an average of 10% – in order to avoid being subject to borrower protection, without reducing amounts lent or the number of loans approved.
6 days ago
NBER

experimental data

2 preprints

CPlantBox, a whole plant modeling framework for the simulation of water and carbon related processes

Finally, we showed that our modelling framework can be used to fit phloem pressure and flow speed to (published) experimental data.
2 days ago
bioRxiv

Isolating the sources of heterogeneity in nanoparticle-cell interactions

Without all three factors, the experimental data cannot be explained.
3 days ago
bioRxiv

Using Bayesian model selection to advise neutron reflectometry analysis from Langmuir-Blodgett monolayers

From this, we can determine which model has the most evidence given the experimental data, and show the effect that different isotopic contrasts of neutron reflectometry will have on this.
3 days ago
arXiv

monte carlo

2 preprints

A quasi-Monte Carlo Method for an Optimal Control Problem Under Uncertainty

The overall discretization error of the problem, consisting of the dimension truncation error, finite element discretization error and quasi-Monte Carlo quadrature error, is derived in detail.
4 days ago
arXiv

Another look at the treatment of data uncertainty in Markov chain Monte Carlo inversion and other probabilistic methods

In a synthetic test, the proposed mixed measurement error distribution allows recovery of the underlying model even in the presence of 6\% outliers, which completely destroy the ability of a regular Markov chain Monte Carlo or linear search to provide a meaningful image.
1 day ago
EarthArXiv

GPU-accelerated mesh-based Monte Carlo photon transport simulations

The mesh-based Monte Carlo (MMC) algorithm is increasingly used as the gold-standard for developing new biophotonics modeling techniques in 3-D complex tissues, including both diffusion-based and various Monte Carlo (MC) based methods.
4 days ago
bioRxiv

higher prices

2 preprints

The Electric Gini: Income Redistribution through Energy Prices

We first show that in theory, price setters concerned about inequality will charge lower fixed monthly fees and higher per-kWh prices, and increasing block prices to target higher users with even higher prices.
6 days ago
NBER

A Welfare Analysis of Occupational Licensing in U.S. States

Higher willingness to pay offsets 80 percent of higher prices for consumers, and higher wages compensate workers for 60 percent of the cost of mandated investment in occupation-specific human capital.
6 days ago
NBER

discrete time

2 preprints

Overcoming Free-Riding in Bandit Games

This is not an artifact of continuous time: we prove that such equilibria arise as limits of equilibria in the discrete-time game.
6 days ago
arXiv

Event-scheduling algorithms with Kalikow decomposition for simulating potentially infinite neuronal networks

On the other hand, for discrete time models, theoretical algorithms based on Kalikow decomposition can pick at random influencing neurons and perform a perfect simulation (meaning without approximations) of the behaviour of one given neuron embedded in an infinite network, at every time step.
3 days ago
arXiv

The Correspondence Between Stochastic Linear Difference and Differential Equations

The relationship between autoregressive moving-average (ARMA) models in discrete time and the corresponding models in continuous time is examined in this paper.
5 days ago
NEP RePEc

administrative data

2 preprints

Hysteresis from Employer Subsidies

This paper uses administrative data to analyze a large and 8-year long employer payroll tax rate cut in Sweden for young workers aged 26 or less.
6 days ago
NBER

Unit Values for Import and Export Price Indexes – A Proof of Concept

Applying the prototype, 52 of 142 import and 50 of 129 export 5-digit BEA End Use categories are identified as homogeneous using administrative data.
6 days ago
NBER

Biometric Tracking, Healthcare Provision, and Data Quality: Experimental Evidence from Tuberculosis Control

Second, biometric tracking decreases data forgery: it reduces overreporting of patient numbers in both NGO data and government registers and underreporting of treatment interruptions.
6 days ago
NBER

oakland california

2 preprints

My Brother’s Keeper? The Impact of Targeted Educational Supports

In Oakland, California, the MBK educational initiative features the African American Male Achievement (AAMA) program.
6 days ago
NBER

The Impact of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Taxes on Purchases: Evidence from Four City-Level Taxes in the U.S.

S. cities with such taxes: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; San Francisco, California; Seattle, Washington; and Oakland, California.
6 days ago
NBER

tax rate

2 preprints

The Impact of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Taxes on Purchases: Evidence from Four City-Level Taxes in the U.S.

When we examine results separately by city, we find that the decline was concentrated in Philadelphia, where the tax decreased purchases by 27.7 percent.
6 days ago
NBER

Hysteresis from Employer Subsidies

This paper uses administrative data to analyze a large and 8-year long employer payroll tax rate cut in Sweden for young workers aged 26 or less.
6 days ago
NBER